Herophilus of Chalcedon

See Hellenistic biological sciences.

Routledge History of Philosophy. . 2005.

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  • Herophilus of Chalcedon — (c. 300 bc) Greek anatomist and physician Herophilus, a pupil of Praxagoras of Cos, was one of the founders of the Alexandrian medical school set up at the end of the 4th century bc under the patronage of Ptolemy I Soter. Although none of his… …   Scientists

  • Herophilus — born с 335 BC, Chalcedon, Bithynia died с 280 Alexandrian physician, often called the father of anatomy. He performed public dissections on human corpses; studied the cavities of the brain, which he regarded as the centre of the nervous system;… …   Universalium

  • HEROPHILUS —    a celebrated Greek physician who lived into the 3rd century B.C., born at Chalcedon, and settled at Alexandria, where he devoted himself specially to anatomy and helped to found the medical school in that city; his zeal is said to have led him …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hellenistic biological sciences — R.J.Kankinson The five centuries that separate Aristotle’s death in 322 BC from Galen’s ascendancy in Rome in the latter part of the second century AD were fertile ones for the biological sciences, in particular medicine. Nor is the period solely …   History of philosophy

  • Ancient Greek medicine — The Hippocratic Corpus, is a collection of around seventy early medical works from ancient Greece strongly associated with the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates and his teachings. The first known Greek medical school opened in Cnidus in 700 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Aristotle — For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs Marble bust of Aristotle. Roman copy after a Gree …   Wikipedia

  • History of medicine — All human societies have medical beliefs that provide explanations for birth, death, and disease. Throughout history, illness has been attributed to witchcraft, demons, astral influence, or the will of the gods. These ideas still retain some… …   Wikipedia

  • Dissection — This article is about the biological examination process. For other uses, see Dissection (disambiguation). Dissection of a human cheek from Gray s Anatomy (1918). Dissection (also called anatomization) is usually the process of disassembling and… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of zoology — A preliminary timeline of the history of zoology before the 1859 publication of Darwin s Origin of Species . Ancient world *28000 BC. Cave painting (e.g. Chauvet cave [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux/en/] ) in Europe, especially …   Wikipedia

  • History of biology — For the video game, see History of Biology (video game). The frontispiece to Erasmus Darwin s evolution themed poem The Temple of Nature shows a goddess pulling back the veil from nature (in the person of Artemis). Allegory and metaphor have… …   Wikipedia

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